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monsoon in india update 2017

 Monsoon In India

Monsoon in India. Each season is two months long, and monsoon india are special celebrations and events that occur during all of them. 

According to Hindu scriptures the five seasons are:

VARSHA RITU: MONSOON

The monsoon india season or Varsha Ritu is the time of year when it rains heavily across much of India. In 2018, Varsha Ritu begins on June 21 and ends on Aug.

monsoon india

 

Monsoon india 2017: Relax, India will get higher rainfall this season.

monsoon india

Monsoon 2017: India looks likely to receive higher monsoon rainfall than previously forecast. 

The rainy season in India begins generally from the second week of June and continues up to the second week of August. From the second week of June humid monsoon enters various parts of India in the south-west direction from the Bay of Bengal and causes rainfall everywhere in the state. The south-west monsoon causes heavy rainfall.

Importance of Monsoon (Rainy season) on Indian Agriculture

monsoon india

In India, Monsoon refers to the rainy season. The humid south-west monsoon winds causes plenty of rainfall during the period between early June and August.

A large portion of Indian farmers still depends upon rain-fall to carry out the agricultural activities. Since, agriculture is one of the most important constituent on Indian economy (contributing around 16 percent of its total GDP), monsoon season has an indirect impact on its economy as well.

India has a tropical monsoon type of climate. So here the temperature in the summer months is high and the rainfall is heavy. High temperature and heavy rainfall in the summer months are important for the growth of different types of kharif crops in different parts of India.

Unlike other countries in high latitudes, India enjoys long hours of sunshine even during the winter months. So with winter precipitation (supplemented by irrigation) a second rabi crop is easily grown.

The amount of rainfall is the most important determinant of the type of crop raised. Wet crops are raised in wet zone and dry crops in the dry zone.

  • Crops like rice, jute, sugarcane, etc. require high temperature and heavy rainfall for their cultivation. So these crops are cultivated in summer.
  • Crops like wheat, barley etc. require moderate temperature and rainfall. So these are cultivated in winter.
  • Rubber trees require uniformly high temperature and regular rainfall all the year round.

A large number of farmers depend upon monsoon-rains to meet the food requirement of their family. They engage in agricultural activities not to sell the crops, but for their own needs.

conclusion: The monsoon rainfall is very uncertain. It may arrive early and linger on for a long time or it may arrive too late. It may cause too heavy rainfall in some parts and too little in others. It may course floods and droughts. So the Indian present lives are at the mercy of the monsoon.

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